Tuesday, June 18, 2024

How to Build Your First Website: HTML for Nigerians

Last Updated on January 28, 2024


Welcome, dear readers, to this illuminating guide. Today, we embark on a digital journey.

Let’s build your first website! Specifically, for our Nigerian audience, we’ll use the foundational language: HTML. Why?

  1. We’re in a Digital Age. In today’s connected world, having a website boosts your visibility.

  2. First Impressions Matter. A personal or business website establishes credibility.

  3. Global Reach. A website opens doors to a wider audience, from Lagos to London.

But, why learn HTML?

  • Control: Knowing HTML gives you mastery over your website’s look and feel.

  • Flexibility: Adjust and customize to your heart’s content.

  • Foundation: HTML forms the building block for other languages and technologies.

Join us. Equip yourself with the essential tools. Let Nigeria’s digital future shine even brighter!

Understanding HTML

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. At its core, it structures content on the web.

Think of it like the backbone of a website. Now, let’s delve into why it’s vital for website development:

  1. Structuring Content: HTML gives web content its structure. It determines headings, paragraphs, links, and other elements.

  2. Displaying Media: Images, videos, or audio files? HTML positions and embeds them.

  3. Hyperlinking: Want to link to another page? HTML creates that pathway.

  4. Form Creation: Whether it’s a contact form or a survey, HTML sets it up.

Now, for those apprehensive about delving into the world of coding, here’s some uplifting news:

  • Simplicity: HTML is straightforward. It uses easy-to-understand tags like <head>, <body>, and <p>.

  • Versatility: You can use HTML on its own or integrate it with other languages like CSS and JavaScript.

  • Universal: Regardless of your browser, it understands and displays HTML.

You don’t need prior coding knowledge to learn HTML.

Many Nigerians have embarked on this journey before you. They started with zero knowledge and now craft beautiful websites.

So, if you have a story to tell, a business to showcase, or just want to try something new, HTML is your starting point. Dive in and join the world of web development!

Read: Coding with Mosh: A Beginner’s Perspective in Nigeria

Setting Up Your Development Environment

To craft your first website, having the right tools is vital. Think of it as building a house.

You wouldn’t start without the right equipment, right? Similarly, before diving into website creation, set up your development environment. Here’s why and how:

Importance of the Right Tools

  • They make your coding process smoother.

  • They help you spot errors quickly.

  • They save time, enhancing productivity.

Choosing a Text Editor

  • A text editor is where you’ll write your code.

  • Options like Visual Studio Code and Sublime Text are popular and efficient.

  • These editors offer features like syntax highlighting, making code readable.

Online Text Editors for Beginners

  • If you’re hesitant to download software, try online text editors.

  • Platforms like CodePen and JSFiddle are great starting points.

  • They allow for immediate previews of your work.

The Role of a Web Browser

  1. It’s not just for surfing the web!

  2. Use browsers to preview and test your website.

  3. Chrome, Firefox, and Safari offer developer tools to debug and inspect code.

Your development environment is the foundation of your website-building journey.

Equip yourself with the right tools, and you’ll find the process not only enjoyable but also more efficient. So, gear up, choose your tools, and let’s start coding!

Read: Node.js Basics: Learning with Coding with Mosh

HTML Document Structure

Building your first website? Understanding HTML’s structure is vital. Let’s dive in.

Declare with DOCTYPE

Every HTML document starts with a <!DOCTYPE html> declaration. This tells browsers to expect HTML5 content. It ensures consistency and proper rendering.

Wrap with HTML Tags

All your content nestles between the opening <html> and closing </html> tags. Think of them as your webpage’s bookends.

Divide with Head and Body

  1. Head: Enclosed with <head></head>, this section doesn’t display content. Instead, it provides metadata. Here, you’ll find links to stylesheets, scripts, and the website title.

  2. Body: The <body></body> tags enclose the content visitors see. Insert text, images, links, and more here.


  • Always start with the DOCTYPE declaration.

  • Keep everything within the HTML tags.

  • Separate metadata and visible content with head and body, respectively.

By mastering this structure, you lay a strong foundation for website creation. Happy coding, Nigeria!

Read: Top 5 Projects to Do After a Coding with Mosh Course

HTML Tags and Elements

HTML is the foundation of every website. At its core are tags and elements. Let’s dive into these concepts.

What are HTML Tags and Elements?

  • HTML tags are commands enclosed in angle brackets, like <h1>.

  • An element includes a tag, content, and sometimes a closing tag.

Common HTML Tags Every Nigerian Should Know

These are heading tags

  • Example: <h1>Welcome to My Site</h1>

  • Purpose: Headings, with <h1> being the most prominent.

This is the paragraph tag.

  • Example: <p>This is a sample paragraph.</p>

  • Purpose: Displaying blocks of text.

This is the anchor tag.

  • Example: <a href="https://example.com">Visit Example</a>

  • Purpose: Creating hyperlinks to other pages or sites.

This represents the image tag.

  • Example: <img src="image.jpg" alt="A beautiful sunset">

  • Purpose: Displaying images on your site.

A division or container tag.

  • Example: <div>This is a container.</div>

  • Purpose: Grouping and styling content.

Understanding Nesting and Hierarchy

  • Tags can be placed inside other tags. This is called nesting.

  • Always close tags in the reverse order you opened them.

  • Example: <div><p>This is nested.</p></div>

To wrap up, mastering HTML tags and elements is crucial for building a site. Start with these basics and expand your knowledge!

Read: Data Structures & Algorithms: Coding with Mosh Review

Creating the Structure of the Website

Building a website is much like constructing a house. Start with a solid foundation: your website structure. Proper planning and organization set your site apart.

Why Plan Your Website Structure?

Planning prevents content chaos. It ensures your site flows logically. A well-organized site enhances user experience. It also aids in search engine optimization (SEO).

Embrace Content Hierarchy

Use headings to introduce topics. They guide readers and help in SEO. HTML provides six levels: <h1> to <h6>. Utilize paragraphs (<p>) for main content.

They break text and make reading manageable. Lists create order. Use <ul> for unordered lists. Choose <ol> for ordered ones.

Crafting Navigation Menus

Navigation aids user movement. Create menus with HTML lists. Wrap menu items within <li> tags.

Enclose the entire list in <ul> or <ol>. Style using CSS to achieve a desired look.

The Power of Div Tags

The <div> tag divides content. It’s a container for HTML elements. With CSS, it controls layout and appearance.

Properly used, <div> tags streamline structure. They help in organizing content efficiently.

Structure your website thoughtfully. Embrace hierarchy with headings, paragraphs, and lists. Use HTML lists for seamless navigation.

Lastly, lean on <div> tags for organization. With these tools, your site stands strong and user-friendly. Happy coding, Nigeria!

Read: Coding Scholarships for Nigerian Students: What to Know

How to Build Your First Website: HTML for Nigerians

Adding Text Content

Building a website in Nigeria? Great choice! Let’s delve into adding text using HTML.

Use Heading Tags for Titles and Subtitles:

  • Start with <h1> for main headings.

  • Use <h2>, <h3>, and so on for sub-headings.

  • Remember, <h1> is most important, <h6> least.

Creating Paragraphs Is Simple

  • Wrap your text in <p> tags.

  • Example: <p>This is a paragraph.</p>.

Want a Line Break?

  • Insert the <br> tag where needed.

  • Great for addresses or poetry!

Add Emphasis with Semantic Tags

  • <strong> makes text bold, highlighting importance.

  • <em> italicizes, emphasizing a word or phrase.

Why bother with these semantic tags? They’re not just for show. They tell browsers and assistive devices about your content’s importance.

So, <strong> doesn’t just look bold—it signals that this text is crucial. Likewise, <em> doesn’t just slant text—it conveys emphasis.

  • Use heading tags from <h1> to <h6> to structure your content.

  • Craft paragraphs with <p>.

  • Break lines using <br>.

  • Choose semantic tags like <strong> and <em> for meaningful emphasis.

Master these, and you’re well on your way to creating engaging content for your Nigerian audience. Next up, let’s dive deeper into styling!

Read: Coding for Kids: How to Get Your Child Started in Nigeria

Inserting Images in Your HTML

Adding images livens up a webpage. Here’s a simple guide on how to do it.

Use the <img> tag.

This is the primary tool for embedding images.

Understand key attributes

  • src: Specifies the image location.

  • alt: Describes the image. Crucial for accessibility.

  • width: Defines image width. Measured in pixels.

  • height: Sets image height. Also in pixels.

Master file paths:

  • Relative paths: Example: src="images/picture.jpg". The image is in a folder named ‘images’ within your current directory.

  • Absolute paths: Example: src="https://example.com/images/picture.jpg". This references an image from an external source.

Optimize images for the web.

  • Reduces loading time.

  • Enhances user experience.

  • Tools like ‘Compressor.io’ or ‘TinyPNG’ can help.

To insert an image, type:

<img src="path-to-your-image.jpg" alt="A brief description" width="200" height="300">

Remember, always ensure your images are web-optimized. It not only speeds up your site but also saves bandwidth.

Creating Hyperlinks

Hyperlinks are the lifeblood of website navigation. They connect pages, guiding visitors through your content. Let’s dive in!

Why are Hyperlinks Important?

  1. They direct users to relevant content.

  2. They enhance website navigation.

  3. They boost SEO, improving website visibility.

Creating Hyperlinks with the <a> Tag

Use the <a> tag to make hyperlinks. Here’s how:

  1. Start with <a href="URL">.

  2. Add your link text.

  3. Close with </a>.

Example: <a href="https://example.com">Visit Example</a> takes users to example.com.

Understanding the href Attribute:

The href attribute tells the browser where the link goes.

  1. For external sites, use the full URL: href="https://website.com".

  2. For internal pages, use the page name: href="page.html".

Linking to Internal Page Anchors

Want to link to a section on the same page? Use anchors!

  1. Mark the section with an id: <div id="section1">.

  2. Link to it: <a href="#section1">Go to Section 1</a>.

Relative vs. Absolute URLs:

  1. Relative URLs refer to files on the same site. Example: href="page.html".

  2. Absolute URLs include the full path. Example: href="https://example.com/page.html".

In summary, hyperlinks streamline navigation. Use the <a> tag and href attribute effectively. Know when to choose relative or absolute URLs. Now, start linking!

You Might Also Like: Troubleshooting Common HTML Coding Mistakes

Styling the Website with CSS

So, you’ve built your first website using HTML. Great job! Now, let’s make it stylish with CSS.

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It’s the magic behind every website’s design. Think of HTML as the skeleton, while CSS provides the skin, colors, and style.

Why is CSS crucial?

  1. Separation of Structure from Presentation: This principle keeps your website organized. HTML lays out the content. CSS beautifies it.

  2. Flexibility: Want a new look? Change the CSS without touching the HTML.

  3. Consistency: CSS ensures your website looks uniform across different pages.

Now, let’s talk about how we can use CSS:

  1. Inline Styles: You add these directly within your HTML tags. It’s useful for one-time styling, but it’s not efficient for larger websites.

  2. Internal Stylesheets: These styles are within the <head> section of your HTML document. Ideal for styling single pages.

  3. External Stylesheets: Think of them as style templates. They’re separate files linked to multiple HTML pages. This method is best for larger sites to maintain consistency.

Mastered HTML? Congratulations! Dive into CSS next. It’s not just an aesthetic choice; it’s about making your website functional and user-friendly.

  • CSS gives your website its unique look.

  • It’s vital to separate content (HTML) from design (CSS).

  • You can style your site in three main ways: inline, internal, and external.

Nigerians, as you venture into the web world, remember: a well-styled site attracts and retains visitors. So, learn CSS!

Find Out More: Game Development in Nigeria: A Growing Industry


Building your first website as a Nigerian has never been more straightforward, thanks to HTML. Let’s recap our journey:

  1. We demystified HTML’s basics, revealing its foundation for web creation.

  2. We walked through essential tags, making website structuring a breeze.

  3. We emphasized the importance of practice in mastering HTML.

Now, it’s your turn. Dive in and craft your digital space! For those hungry for more, numerous resources await. Consider exploring:

  • Online tutorials specific to advanced HTML techniques.

  • Local coding bootcamps or workshops.

  • Nigerian tech communities and forums.

Remember, every expert was once a beginner. Your web creation journey starts with a single HTML tag.

So, take that leap! Start building, keep learning, and soon, you’ll have a site to call your own. Don’t wait, code today!

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